In this chapter we outline: the organisation of pre-school education in Slovenia, continuous professional development for teachers, and reasons for the current renewal of the national pre-school curriculum. The national Kindergarten Curriculum (1999) forms the foundation for professional work in kindergartens in Slovenia. It consists of the basic elements of a modern curriculum and enables educators to plan a process-developmental and learning-targeted strategy for educational work in different learning areas. It also includes other conditions and obstacles for the realisation of the curriculum’s objectives, including the hidden curriculum. When we talk about the hidden curriculum, we are talking about the “other” of the curriculum, all that is taken for granted and uncritically accepted in the pedagogical situation. It is therefore essential to raise awareness of the hidden curriculum, which should contribute to greater transparency in all that happens in kindergartens and contributes to the actual realisation of fundamental human right.
However, rapid changes in society and recent theoretical knowledge about early learning dictate the review and modernisation of the curriculum. Some of the key data – such as the high number of toddlers in kindergartens, the increase in the share of children of foreign nationalities enrolled in the Slovenian education system, the increase in the number of children with risk factors, the increase in issues regarding school delays, etc. – require a particularly well thought-out process of updating the curriculum for kindergartens.