Pre-school education in Kosovo has undergone a number of modifications in recent years. According to the existing legislation, pre-school education includes children aged 0 to 6 years old. However, this paper will only be focusing on pre-school education in Kosovo for children aged 3 to 6 specifically, and will present the country’s achievements to date as well as the obstacles that this level of education, including all of its organisational entities, has faced. In addition to this, the legal and administrative framework, programmes, management, educators, their inclusion within pre-school education, and other areas of this sector will also be discussed in this paper. The quality analysis technique considers all stakeholders involved in this level of education, as well as the legislative framework and official documents currently in force.
The purpose of this analysis is to highlight the challenges Kosovo is facing in the organisation and implementation of its pre-school education for children aged three to six. Regarding the methodology employed for this study, a thorough review of official documents was carried out, as well as a summary of the existing research findings and recommendations on pre-school education in Kosovo, which were summarised, and through which, further recommendations are proposed.
The findings of this analysis point to a number of challenges in the organisation and implementation of pre-school education, including the need: to develop appropriate legal infrastructure for the level of pre-school education; for official documents; for the monitoring of quality in both private and state pre-school institutions; for central and local level cooperation; to increase and plan for pre-school education budgets; for greater involvement of children in pre-school education; to solve the lack of sufficient support staff for children with special needs; and for the professional development of the country’s educators.