In 2014, Albania began its journey toward the reformation of the entire pre-university educational system, including its pre-school education, aimed at children between three and six years of age. This level of education is not compulsory in Albania. Providing the highest quality services from pre-school education institutions and kindergartens is one of the main priorities for the development of the Albanian education system.
A series of documents and legal acts have been formulated in this context, focusing on: increasing access to pre-school education; designing the new curriculum based on competency objectives; increasing the professional development of teachers and kindergarten directors; and reforming the pre-school education financial system for an effective fiscal decentralisation policy.
The kindergarten directors and pre-school teachers are guided by professional standards, and the Ministry of Education and Sports supports them with training sessions, based on the conclusions and recommendations of the 2021 national survey for their training needs and professional development.
Nevertheless, Albania is currently facing a new challenge at the pre-school level, that of designing a system for monitoring and evaluating, to thus provide quality in Early Childhood Education and Care, based on the “Proposal for a Council Recommendation” issued as of 22nd May 2018 from the High Quality Early Childhood Education and Care Systems.