As of 2004, digital competences are being developed in the Montenegrin educational system through compulsory and elective subjects in primary and secondary schools. With the aim to improve the quality of the learning process and students’ achievements in this field, a National Framework for Digital Competences for all educational levels was developed and adopted by our National Council for Education in July 2020.
The implementation of the National framework for digital competence includes employing digital technologies in the teaching pedagogies and therefore it represents a strong support to innovation and the improvement of the competences such as critical thinking, problem solving, communication, creativity and enabling students an active participation in the society.
From this school year, all first-grade elementary school students learn from digital textbooks, which have certainly modernized the teaching and learning process.
In the situation of the COVID-19 pandemic, the great advantage of the application of digital technologies in teaching is reflected in the greater accessibility and overcoming of the spatial and temporal limitations, as well as in the significant improvement of teachers and students’ digital literacy.
Training for the implementation of ICT in the teaching process and improvement of digital literacy is conducted as an integral part of the training offered to teachers and school management within the compulsory continuous professional development (CPD). More than 40% of all teachers and school administrators have already passed different kinds of related training, such as training for the implementation of key competences, training in Microsoft teams, digital textbooks, critical thinking, problem solving and coding on micro-bit, etc.
FIGURE 7 OVERVIEW OF THE EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM IN MONTENEGRO